Transnational terrorism has emerged as the most formidable threat in the asymmetric wars of the 21st Century. It operates simultaneously across continents threatening Westphalian states and modern democratic norms of governance. The paradigm shift in strategy and character of the conflict from physical to cognitive domain is indicative of political aspirations of global Jihad for a Caliphate. Technology has made it possible for the terrorists to surmount, geographical and demographic barriers by connecting with likeminded affiliates and cadres through the internet and social media. Individuals and small groups have the potential to use an array of new and emerging technologies, including drones, self-driven vehicles, autonomous weapon systems, virtual currencies, encrypted communications and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to enhance their reach and lethality. The international community will have to fight transnational terrorism bilaterally, multilaterally and through regional and international organisations. This book thus, attempts to address issues pertaining to transnational terrorism; their ideology, the modus operandi, use of technology, cyber and informative space, financial transactions, etc. Further, the book attempts to have a cross fertilisation and synthesization of perspectives from various regions in order to identify evolving trends, and then articulate a comprehensive, collective approach to combat transnational terrorism in all its manifestations.
Transnational Terrorism: Evolving Threats And Responses
Dr Roshan Khanijo is the Assistant Director (Research) at the Centre for Strategic Studies and Simulation (CS3), United Service Institution of India (USI), New Delhi. She is a strategic analyst. She has authored, edited books, monographs and occasional papers. Some of them being Complexities and Challenges of Nuclear India, Indo-Pacific Region Security Dynamics and Challenges, China’s Military Modernisation, Hypersonic Glide Vehicles: Implications for India, etc. She has been a panellist in number of national and International Workshops/Seminars. She has also given guest lectures at Southern Naval Command, Kochi, Air War College, Hyderabad, ARTRAC, Shimla, OP Jindal Global University, etc.
Maj Gen RPS Bhadauria, VSM (Retd) is currently the Head of Centre for Strategic Studies & Simulation (CS3), at United Service Institution of India, New Delhi. He has held many prestigious staff appointments at Command and Army Headquarters. He has commanded a mountain division and brigade and has the unique experience of raising two large formations i.e., Division and Mountain Corps. He has conducted strategic gaming exercises for National Defence College, Army War College and Indian Foreign Service Institute. He has vast experience in anti-terrorist operations both at policy formulation and execution level. He holds a Master of Philosophy Degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from Madras University, India. He has attended course on Politics and Strategic Affairs at Escola Superior de Guerra in Brazil. He has deep interest on terrorism, Indo Pacific Region, etc.